Docker 安装 Nginx

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Docker 安装 Nginx

标签(空格分隔): Docker nginx


在docker中创建镜像有两种方式:一:使用Dockfile文件创建;二:从Docker hub 镜像仓库拉取.

就像我们在 史上最简单的Docker入门教程中了解的那样:

这里写图片描述

为了简单起见,像这种常见的容器,我们没必要从新写Dockerfile文件去创建image文件.直接使用docker image pull从docker hub拉取一个就可以.

第一步:搜索

首先通过 docker search [imageName] 命令搜索一下docker hub有没有我们想要的镜像.

ig:~ itguang$ docker search nginx
NAME                                                   DESCRIPTION                                     STARS               OFFICIAL            AUTOMATED
nginx                                                  Official build of Nginx.                        8341                [OK]
jwilder/nginx-proxy                                    Automated Nginx reverse proxy for docker con…   1328                                    [OK]
richarvey/nginx-php-fpm                                Container running Nginx + PHP-FPM capable of547                                     [OK]
jrcs/letsencrypt-nginx-proxy-companion                 LetsEncrypt container to use with nginx as p…   364                                     [OK]
kong                                                   Open-source Microservice & API Management la…   184                 [OK]
webdevops/php-nginx                                    Nginx with PHP-FPM                              102                                     [OK]
kitematic/hello-world-nginx                            A light-weight nginx container that demonstr…   97
zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-mysql                          Zabbix frontend based on Nginx web-server wi…   50                                      [OK]
bitnami/nginx                                          Bitnami nginx Docker Image                      49                                      [OK]
linuxserver/nginx                                      An Nginx container, brought to you by LinuxS…   35
1and1internet/ubuntu-16-nginx-php-phpmyadmin-mysql-5   ubuntu-16-nginx-php-phpmyadmin-mysql-5          34                                      [OK]
tobi312/rpi-nginx                                      NGINX on Raspberry Pi / armhf                   19                                      [OK]
nginxdemos/nginx-ingress                               NGINX Ingress Controller for Kubernetes . Th…   10
wodby/drupal-nginx                                     Nginx for Drupal container image                9                                       [OK]
webdevops/nginx                                        Nginx container                                 8                                       [OK]
blacklabelops/nginx                                    Dockerized Nginx Reverse Proxy Server.          8                                       [OK]
nginxdemos/hello                                       NGINX webserver that serves a simple page co…   6                                       [OK]
centos/nginx-18-centos7                                Platform for running nginx 1.8 or building n…   6
1science/nginx                                         Nginx Docker images that include Consul Temp…   4                                       [OK]
centos/nginx-112-centos7                               Platform for running nginx 1.12 or building …   3
pebbletech/nginx-proxy                                 nginx-proxy sets up a container running ngin…   2                                       [OK]
behance/docker-nginx                                   Provides base OS, patches and stable nginx f…   2                                       [OK]
travix/nginx                                           NGinx reverse proxy                             1                                       [OK]
toccoag/openshift-nginx                                Nginx reverse proxy for Nice running on same…   1                                       [OK]
mailu/nginx                                            Mailu nginx frontend                            0                                       [OK]
ig:~ itguang$

NAME:镜像仓库源的名称

DESCRIPTION:镜像的描述

STARS: 点赞数

OFFICIAL:是否docker官方发布

第二步:拉取

接下来我们使用 docker pull [imageName]命令拉取我们想要的镜像:

ig:~ itguang$ docker pull nginx
Using default tag: latest
latest: Pulling from library/nginx
f2aa67a397c4: Pull complete
3c091c23e29d: Pull complete
4a99993b8636: Pull complete
Digest: sha256:0fb320e2a1b1620b4905facb3447e3d84ad36da0b2c8aa8fe3a5a81d1187b884
Status: Downloaded newer image for nginx:latest
ig:~ itguang$

拉取完毕,使用 docker images或者docker image ls命令查看当前镜像文件:

ig:~ itguang$ docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
nginx               latest              ae513a47849c        7 days ago          109MB
ig:~ itguang$ docker image ls
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
nginx               latest              ae513a47849c        7 days ago          109MB
ig:~ itguang$

第三步:使用nginx镜像

运行容器:

首先我们现在当前目录创建几个目录

$PWD/www:/www
$PWD/logs
$PWD/conf/nginx.conf

接下来运行下面的命令

ig:nginx itguang$ docker run -p 8000:80 --name mynginx -v $PWD/www:/www -v $PWD/conf/nginx.conf:/etc/nginx/nginx.conf -v $PWD/logs:/wwwlogs  -d nginx
ad6de61641e02bfcec56a44c2ba51c4f42f9e4bb47d0c3ca67390d4d4676c750
ig:nginx itguang$

解释一下上面的参数:

-p 8000:80:将容器的80端口映射到主机的80端口.

–name mynginx: 将容器命名为 mynginx.

-v $PWD/www:/www: 将主机当前目录下的www目录挂在到容器的/www目录下.

-v $PWD/logs:/wwwlogs: 将主机当前目录下的logs目录挂在到容器的/wwwlogs目录下

-v $PWD/conf/nginx.conf:/etc/nginx/nginx.conf:将主机当前目录下的nginx.conf挂在到容器目录下的etc/nginx/nginx.conf 文件.

-d nginx: 后台运行nginx容器,并且打印containerID.

使用docker ps或者docker container ls

ig:~ itguang$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID        IMAGE               COMMAND                  CREATED              STATUS              PORTS                  NAMES
e8c8fae59eaf        nginx               "nginx -g 'daemon of…"   About a minute ago   Up About a minute   0.0.0.0:8000->80/tcp   mynginx
ig:~ itguang$

测试: 浏览器访问 : http://172.18.21.142:8000/

可以看到nginx的欢迎页,证明docker安装nginx容器已经成功.


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